The 5 Whys
I didn’t get the grade I wanted on an exam.
Why 1: I did not answer enough questions correctly.
Why did I not answer enough questions correctly?
Why 2: I did not study as hard as I could have.
Why did I not study as hard as I could have?
Why 3: I did not go to my professors office hours for extra help on difficult topics.
Why did i not go to my professor’s office hours for extra help?
Why 4: I have been very overwhelmed with my other classes this semester.
Why have I been overwhelmed with other classes?
Why 5/Root cause: I was too flustered with my other classes that I did not put enough time in to study for important tests.